更好的发明人沟通–专利诉讼中的隐藏成本节省
更好的发明人沟通–专利诉讼中的隐藏成本节省

聘请外部专利律师的主要优势之一是能够将发明材料传递给起草律师以准备专利申请。这项工作调动减少了内部顾问’的负担,使他们可以腾出更多时间用于战略性产品组合管理,而不是准备单个应用程序的细节。

Too frequently, however, the invention materials provided to outside counsel are incomplete. 的understanding is that the drafting attorney will be able to use their engineering acumen to sort through the pieces, determine what is missing, and gather further information from the inventors in order to prepare a complete patent application.

虽然这种理解是正确的,但是 ’如果外部专利顾问受过培训,那么对成本和质量的危害是真实的。相反,一种更具战略意义的组装发明公开材料的方法可以在降低成本和改善专利质量方面带来真正的好处。

了解问题
法律部门通常使用表格(发明披露表格或“IDF”),要求发明人描述本发明。在其他情况下,发明信息以幻灯片演示文稿,学术期刊文章的预印本草案或其他最初旨在非专利目的的材料的形式来自发明人。通常,该材料是为高度特定的受众准备的,并且缺乏任何背景或上下文。此信息通常直接传递给外部法律顾问,而无需内部团队进行任何编辑。

After receiving the 以色列国防军 or other material, the drafting attorney first performs a detailed review of the material and conducts any needed background research to prepare for an initial discussion with the inventors. Any increase in the time that the drafting attorney needs to spend coming up to speed on the invention at this stage translates directly into an increase in the cost of the patent application. 的problem is worse on a fixed-fee or strict budget, since this time eats directly into the time available for actually preparing the application.

经过审查后,起草律师通常会进行发明人访谈,以加深他们对发明的理解。如果起草律师’由于IDF的质量低下或不完整,对本发明的最初理解是不准确的,因此发明人访谈的时间将更长,组织起来也将更少。在许多这样的情况下,发明人将需要开发并向起草律师提供进一步的交付物。同样,这直接导致专利申请成本的增加以及引入延迟。这也减少了发明家团队’效率和参与度,并使他们脱离主要的工程任务。

After the initial conversation with the inventors, the drafting attorney prepares a first draft of the application for further discussion. How much time the drafting attorney spends preparing this draft and how many subsequent drafts are needed is directly impacted by the quality of the 以色列国防军 and the initial interview. This compounds the effect of any earlier 以色列国防军-related delays.

攻击问题
的most effective way to prevent time and budget being wasted on avoidable issues is to train your inventors provide complete information in an intelligently crafted 以色列国防军.

Every 以色列国防军, even a bad 以色列国防军, asks the inventors to “描述发明”. A better 以色列国防军 will break this question down in a way which prompts inventors to provide more complete and usable information, and which motivates and draws the inventors into the process. This reduces misunderstandings, guesswork, delays, and unnecessary expenditure. With properly trained inventors, the following 以色列国防军 features can make the process more effective and efficient for all of the parties involved.

问题陈述
A better 以色列国防军 will ask inventors to explain the problem or problems which led to the invention, rather than beginning by asking the inventors what their invention is. This stops the inventor from simply dropping a stream-of-conscious description of their invention into the form and calling it a day.

的“problem and solution”发明者很容易理解这种方法,并鼓励他们讲发明的故事,使他们以易于理解的格式提供完整的信息。工程师通常习惯于以这种方式进行思考和交流,这种方法吸引了发明人,使他们有机会“show their stuff” and dig into the 以色列国防军 in a way that is interesting to them.

At this stage, we also ask inventors to include a degree of detail and context that would enable a bright engineering student to understand the invention. This standard of description is reinforced throughout the 以色列国防军. Ensuring that the 以色列国防军 includes this level of context is important because inventors operating on the “bleeding edge”他们领域的专家通常不认为包括理解本发明所必需的基本背景信息。

将观众识别为假想的工程系学生会吸引发明家’的教学本能,以一种可以与之相关的方式将其投入到过程中。在某些时候,我们的大多数发明家都是聪明的工程专业的学生,​​并且容易掌握这一标准。

“NUTSHELL” SUMMARY
Immediately after the inventors have identified the problem they were attempting to solve, we ask them to 描述发明 “in a nutshell” using 4 or 5 sentences or bullet points. This important section is a framework which guides the inventor in preparing later sections of the 以色列国防军, and helps the drafting attorney to identify the most fundamental aspects of the invention.

图表
在继续进行更详细的描述之前,明确要求发明人提供说明本发明的两个图。发明人似乎想提供图表似乎很明显,但是数量惊人的发明人忽略了它们。

的inventors should include at least one illustration of the invention itself, which highlights the new or inventive aspects. This diagram should show how the invention fits into the outside world. In this case, a picture really is “值一千字”而且几乎可以肯定,与起草律师一起支付一千美元的额外草稿和电话费。

发明人还应该至少包括第二图,该第二图优选地以简单的流程图示出第一图所示的发明如何运行。第一张图显示了本发明,第二张图显示了它是如何工作的或如何制造的。在本发明处于处理过程中的情况下,上图说明了在何处进行处理。

Very few 以色列国防军s ask for, and very few inventors volunteer, this second, specific figure, but this picture is probably worth two thousand words.

发明细节
只有在前面的部分设定好阶段之后,发明人才最终要求对其发明进行开放式描述。该描述应与简明摘要相对应,在问题陈述中解释其如何解决问题,并参考两个图表。

因为已经鼓励发明人在前面的部分中进行周到的工作,所以使这一关键而详细的部分变得容易得多,并且几乎可以自行编写。在这里,发明人还应该扩展任何首字母缩写词并定义他们正在使用的任何技术术语。这是节省发明人召集和起草时间和麻烦的另一种简便方法。

手续和家务
Small details matter, and can often cost thousands if forgotten early on. Apart from capturing the invention, the 以色列国防军 should completely record other kinds of information that the inventors are in the best position to know. While inventors may be tempted to consider these sections as less important and ignore them, doing so has a direct impact on cost and quality.

有些事情,例如建议的发明人名称和名称顺序,很重要–不一定从法律的角度来看,而是因为发明人通常对谁将专利索引的名称以及他们希望的名称非常感兴趣。提前处理这些问题可减少电子邮件和电话的无效轮回。

从法律的角度来看,其他客房整理信息更为重要。例如,如果发明人未能提供其国籍和居住信息,则可能需要进行一轮或多轮澄清电子邮件,以确定是否需要外国申请许可证。这是一个需要在流程中尽早解决的问题,以避免法律上的麻烦和延误。

Many other items can and should be covered in the 以色列国防军. 的bottom line is that the 以色列国防军 (and 以色列国防军 training) should be organized to encourage the inventors to thoughtfully and completely provide all of the requested information in order to promote efficiency and reduce costs.

结论
Setting up a framework to promote efficient communication between outside counsel and your inventor teams is a key way to control costs and encourage quality patent applications. Working with outside counsel to develop a robust 以色列国防军 and train your inventors to use it is a modest investment that can provide significant returns to all parties involved.

转载自2020年8月27日的 的Legal Intelligencer ©2020 ALM Media Properties,LLC。未经许可,禁止进一步复制。版权所有。

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